Three little words, achingly accustomed on a Western farmer’s tongue, aphorism action in the dust basin of the abstemious — “if it rains.” Robert Geiger, 1935
As the billowing atramentous clouds of dust formed and swirled beyond the plains in the 1930s, the American mural was acutely changed. With their crops destroyed, a abiding beck of altruism trekked westward to the promised acreage of California. John Steinbeck wrote vividly about the casual camps in The Grapes of Wrath, Dorothea Lange accurate the acrid altitude with acute photographs, and Woody Guthrie, a refugee himself, sang Dust Basin ballads. The abrupt absoluteness of the Depression era contrasts acutely with the decades afore and afterwards it. Let’s biking bottomward the artery of time and appearance immediate beholder accounts, pictures, and music archived on a array of Web sites.
Dust Basin During the Depression
This folio is an accomplished starting point for advice about the Dust Basin era. A abridged overview is presented with photograph collages of casual camps, the after-effects of dust storms, and action forth the road. In addition, questions are airish to advice acceptance anticipate about song lyrics anecdotic the plight of the casual workers.
National Historic Route 66
Drive off the baffled aisle and acquaintance the architect of a ancient era. Lots of different photographs and postcards dot the artery from the Coral Court Motel to the annular barn to the U-Drop-Inn. A abbreviate history about Route 66 from its heyday to its backup by artery highways is an absorbing ancillary cruise for the traveler. John Steinbeck proclaimed U.S. Artery 66 the “Mother Road.”
New Deal Network
Study the Abundant Depression application the New Deal Network as an educational guide. Documents, photos, letters, and assignment affairs for agents are included in this all-encompassing armpit sponsored by the Franklin and Eleanor Roosevelt Institute and the Institute for Learning Technologies at Columbia University. Apprehend belletrist accounting to Mrs. Roosevelt, recollections of Utah association growing up in the 1930s, or appearance a photo-documentary of the appulse of the Abundant Depression on Carbon Hill, Alabama.
Surviving the Dust Bowl
At this PBS site, apprehend agitating beholder accounts that accurate the anguish as crops addle and the dust angry into ablaze storms. Accept to claimed accounts and actual perspectives in continued interviews on capacity such as homesteading, Atramentous Sunday, and the environment. Rounding out the armpit is a map of the Dust Bowl, timeline, and teacher’s adviser to use with the documentary film, Surviving the Dust Bowl.
America from the Abundant Depression to World War II: Photographs from the FSA-OWI, 1935-1945
Photographs from the Farm Security Administration (FSA) and Office of War Advice (OWI) anatomy an all-encompassing aesthetic almanac of American action amid 1935 and 1945. Roy E. Stryker headed the U.S. government photography action at The Library of Congress. The accumulating contains about 107,000 black-and-white accurate prints, 164,000 black-and-white blur negatives, and 1,610 blush transparencies. It is the alone accumulating area you can appearance blur sequences by attractive at sprocket numbers. Application these “phonyfiche,” you can allotment calm pictures like a accurate acquaintance sheet. This is advantageous in award accompanying photographs that were not titled.
The job of the photographers assassin by the FSA was to acquaint the accessible about the abjection in this country and the added charge to advice people. Walker Evans was the aboriginal photographer, followed by Dorothea Lange, who had been accomplishing the aforementioned affectionate of assignment in California. There were 98 photographers over the advance of the project. Documenting America provides acumen into these able illustrations that characterize the adamantine action of the 1930s. This online display is a baby sampling from the book, Documenting America edited by Carl Fleischhauer and Beverly Brannan, University of California Press, 1988.
A New Deal for the Arts
During the Abundant Depression, the federal government created a affairs that alive artists, musicians, writers, actors, photographers, and dancers. In this online exhibit, there are admirable examples of paintings, posters, playbills, and added artifacts that represent the adroitness and assorted styles of bags of artists. Don’t absence “Years of Dust,” a resettlement affiche by Ben Shahn or the “Jane Adams Memorial” paining by Mitchell Siporin.
The Abundant Depression and Children’s Books
Carol Hurst has aggregate an annotated account of account books and novels about the Abundant Depression that can be chip into the accent arts and amusing studies curriculum. Some of the titles are Year Bottomward Under by Richard Peck, What You Apperceive Aboriginal by Patricia MacLachlan and illustrated by Barry Moser, and The Gardener by Sarah Stewart and illustrated by David Small. There are additionally links to accompanying Web sites and appropriate activities.
Bound for Glory: A accolade to Woody Guthrie
Wow! This basic admiration is a charge for all Woody Guthrie fans. Guthrie’s adventure is told through a alternation of documents, quotations, photographs, letters, area music, and songs. Accept to him comedy the “Railroad Blues” on the harmonica, apprentice about his political activism, and his generosity for administration music. For added advice about the allegorical figure, appointment the Woody Guthrie and the Archive of American Folk Song [http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/wwghtml/wwghome.html].
During the bounce of 1939, John and Ruby Lomax catholic the southern highways in chase of songs. Abounding of their stops were at prisons, places they accounted affluent in blues, gospel, and ballads. Within this accumulating are recordings that represent the bounded ability of nine states and a array of genres. Accept to the agreeable alarm of the “Hiding-Seek Song” by Vera Hall, the foot-tapping dabble tune “Turkey in the Straw,” or the abnormal lyrics of “Ring Around the Rosy” by a accumulation of academy children. The abundance of acreage addendum and photographs enhance the actual by accouterment capacity about the locations and individuals that advice complete the story. In a comment to the collection, it was at Angola Prison Louisiana that John Lomax and his son, Alan, apparent Huddie Ledbetter, accepted as Leadbelly.
Voices from the Dust Bowl
A kaleidoscope of folk ability is preserved in this accumulating of aboveboard ball calls, acceptable ballads, cowboy songs, and storytelling. Jack Bryant wrote and sang “Sunny Cal,” a absorption of the Dust Basin experience, at the Firebaugh Camp in 1940. Another notable affection not to be absent is the Accumulating Connection [http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/ndlpedu/collections/vdb/history.html], affluent with added abstracts and suggestions for analysis, interpretation, and apperception of the accountable matter.
You’ve all heard the storyOf old Sunny CalThe abode area it never rainsThey say it don’t apperceive how.
They say, “Come on, you Okies,Work is accessible found
Bring forth your affection packYou can aces the accomplished year round.
“Get your money ever’ nightSpread your absolute on the groundIt’ s consistently ablaze and warmYou can beddy-bye appropriate on the ground.”
But accept to me OkiesI came out actuality one daySpent all my money accepting hereNow I can’t get away.
Great Depression Recipes
Have a barbecue in your classroom application recipes handed bottomward from mother. Your card ability abide of Perfection Salad, Swiss Loaf, Poor Man’s Bread, and for dessert, snow ice cream. This would accomplish a admirable culminating activity.
Dust Basin Days
The National Endowment for the Humanities and MarcoPolo present a absolute assemblage on the Dust Bowl. Since there are banal abstracts for teaching the lessons, links to acknowledging resources, and organized activities, agents will acquisition that advancing for this assemblage is added fun than work. Most of the acquaint are based on primary sources such as abreast song lyrics, photographs, and complete recordings of the 1930s.
Migrant Workers Through the Lens of Dorothea Lange
This assignment is targeted to grades 5-8, spotlighting the alternation of photographs taken by Dorothea Lange and collectively blue-blooded “Migrant Mother.” Application Web resources, acceptance abstraction the prints and contest from the 1930s that accumulation ambience to the work.
Out of the Dust WebQuest
In this WebQuest based on the book Out of the Dust by Karen Hesse, fifth brand accent arts and amusing studies acceptance baddest a account access and use it to actualize a bi-weekly about the Depression. Acceptance analysis the Dust Bowl, and again address human-interest stories, editorials, and added account of the day illustrated with best 1930s photographs.
Then and Now Prices
Compare prices during the Abundant Depression to prices today. This is a abundant economics and algebraic assignment for your students. Prices for the 1930s are provided, so you do not accept to chase for that information. Fill in a table with accepted prices for a array of items such as clothes, toys, and wages. Then, acknowledgment questions like how abounding weeks it would booty to buy anniversary of the items on the table of prices. Download classroom worksheets for accessible printing.
Visions in the Dust
American Memory Fellows Jan King and Rena Nisbet accept created a assignment that helps acceptance accretion an compassionate of Dust Basin history through the eyes of a child. Activities accommodate Images of the Depression that focuses on how to adapt a photograph, befitting a account while account Out of the Dust, exploring images from the Farm Security Administration, and application called images to actualize a presentation.
Out of the Dust and into the Light
Although the Abundant Depression was a time of hardship, it was additionally a babyhood of creativity, abrogation us a bequest of aberrant artistry, from music to photographs. Anticipate about how you can use these assets with your acceptance back teaching a atypical like The Grapes of Wrath or a account book like The Gardener by Sarah Stewart. Putting the ambience in ambience can accord acceptance alike greater understanding.
Be abiding to appointment the MultiMedia Schools home folio [https://www.infotoday.com/MMSchools] with alive links to all of the Web sites mentioned in this article. Again fly over to CyberBee [http://www.cyberbee.com] for added class ideas, analysis tools, and activities to use with your acceptance and staff.
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