The fact-versus-opinion dichotomy is one of the best adverse account and habits of anticipation to the animal mind.
Growing up, I was accustomed worksheets with a account of statements, and the appointment was to accurately characterization anniversary account as a actuality or opinion. For example, the account “Chocolate is the best acidity of ice cream” appropriate the assessment label, while “Water freezes at aught degrees Celsius” is best absolutely a fact. My acceptance acquaint me that this apprenticeship continues, and I accept begin that “the adeptness to differentiate amid actuality and assessment statements” is still in the curriculum.
There is addition abode this advance of apprenticeship happens: bastille camps. Why? It is a anticipation admiration — already a account has been articular as bald “opinion,” again there is no added altercation about whether or not it is true.
So, what does assessment beggarly back acclimated in this way? Roughly, an assessment is a account that is not absolutely accurate or false; it is aloof what addition thinks and what addition has the appropriate to anticipate because they can accept what they want.
The brainy accompaniment consistent from this culturally-approved advance of abstraction is one that neatly categorizes some statements as accurate while others can be placed into the branch of neither-true-nor-false. For a ability of relativistic thinking, the actuality against assessment dichotomy seems to be the absolute account of altruism and open-mindedness. Nobody is appropriate or wrong; we can anticipate what we appetite and all get along. In reality, it is the apotheosis of closed-mindedness because it closes the apperception to its accustomed action — thought, and in accurate thoughts about life’s best important questions.
The class of “fact” best generally encompasses accurate statements, while statements about preferences, morality, religion, aesthetics and aesthetics are tossed abominably into the bookish decay bowl of “opinion.” Statements about the actuality of God, the capital attributes of the animal person, truth, justice, advantage and adorableness are followed up calmly by, “That’s a amount of opinion,” or the equivalent, “It depends on the individual.” And that’s the end of it. The capacity that crave the best anticipation because of their accent and adversity are accustomed no thought.
In my abstract conversations with students, the assessment agenda is played as a trump so generally that I would be a millionaire if I had a peanut for every time I heard it.
I was surprised, back I began to abstraction philosophy, that philosophers classed assessment as a akin of knowledge. In particular, an assessment is a anemic anatomy of knowledge, an abstraction that addition believes to be true, but doesn’t necessarily accept the affirmation to prove it or altercate able-bodied for it. It is a account that addition thinks, but doesn’t absolutely know. For example, that the flu is transmitted by a virus is an assessment for best bodies because they accept heard about it alone from a scattering of sources and haven’t advised it for themselves. For a doctor, that account is ability because he has advised it and can altercate for its accuracy from experience, affirmation and data. So, while a account may be a actuality (I.e. true), it can be an assessment for one being and ability for another. The accurate dichotomy is amid assessment and knowledge, and the acumen is fabricated based on the akin of authoritativeness the alone is advantaged to.
Ultimately, every account is accurate or false, actuality or fiction. If a account corresponds with reality, again it is true. If not, again it is false.
What about the account cited earlier, that I would accept accurately labeled “opinion” as a adolescent person, apropos amber ice cream? Can amber ice chrism absolutely be the best? Well, what does the account mean? That it is the admired ice chrism of the being who said it? Again that is either accurate or false. Either the speaker’s admired acidity of ice chrism is amber or it is not. “Chocolate is the best acidity of ice cream” is a ambiguous statement, but that doesn’t accomplish it neither accurate nor apocryphal — it aloof agency that it needs clarification. Already the acceptation is clear, again it can be absitively if it is accurate or false, behindhand of whether it is assessment or ability about to the speaker.
The fact-versus-opinion dichotomy is one of the best adverse account and habits of anticipation to the animal mind. “The unexamined anticipation is not account thinking,” said Mortimer Adler, and the characterization “opinion” stops the assay action and renders account extraneous and ultimately meaningless. The animal apperception was fabricated for Truth, but this apocryphal dichotomy brainwashes us into absolution such notions as truth, abnormally back it comes to the accomplished truths account pursuing. It is a actuality that the fact-versus-opinion dichotomy is apocryphal and harmful, and I apperceive this actuality to be true.
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